Constantin Brancusi, the artist considered by most as the father of modern sculpture, was born in 1876, in a small village of Gorj County. Originating from a poor peasant family, Constantin Brancusi became one of the most prominent and influential artist of the 20th century. He created a plethora of masterpieces that have changed the universal artistic scene for centuries to come, founding the base of modern sculpture. Although reaching the ultimate heights of celebrity, Brancusi never forgot his home and beginnings, returning years later to create its masterpieces in Targu Jiu. The memorial house of Constantin Brancusi is situated in his village, a short distance from the actual house where he was born.
Brancusi Memorial House Location
The Constantin Brancusi Memorial House is located in the village of Hobita, part of the Pestisani commune. From Targu Jiu, the village can be reached by following the 67D National Road for about 20 km to Pestisani then turning left onto 96 Communal Road towards Hobita. The memorial house is located about 3-4 km into the village, being signed accordingly. The trip only takes 20 minutes by car. The Constantin Brancusi Memorial house is open every day except Mondays, from 9 am to 5 pm and the entry ticket is a symbolic fee of less than 1€.
Presentation of Brancusi Memorial House
The small wooden house and several annex buildings are contained inside the charming courtyard that perfectly reproduces the old villages of Gorj County, presenting its image in the times of Brancusi’s birth in 1876. Although having a small collection of photographs, documents and objects, the Constantin Brancusi Memorial House is more of a spiritual experience. It offers a journey back in the time and reality of the peasant family that the great artist was born. The documents, letters and albums feature moments from the life and work of Constantin Brancusi, offering a better understanding of his humble beginnings and the path that eventually led him to become one of the masters of universal art. Close to the small house, there is a clearing where many sculptures can be admired. These were created through the years by various Romanian and international artists during a sculpture camp.
Thousands of pages have been written about the life and work of Constantin Brancusi. There are so many things to say about the “Colossus of Hobita” that a lifetime could not be enough. The artistic roots of Brancusi’s work can definitely be found in his childhood, influenced by the nature of his home village, the spiritual side of Romanian peasants and the traditional archaic art. Until 1894, Brancusi practices various jobs across Oltenia, although he is always drawn towards knowing more about the world. He then follows the classes of Craftsmanship School in Craiova, where he learns sculpture, continuing with the Art School of Bucharest, beginning to create his own style in sculpture. Brancusi prefers raw and pure form in sculpture, away from the exact reproduction of visual forms.
Constantin Brancusi understands that Romania cannot cater to his artistic ideals and begins to work towards a plan to reach a bigger European capital. With not enough money, Brancusi leaves the country in 1903, passing through Vienna, Munich, Zurich and Basel on his way to Paris, the final destination. Much of the road was made on foot, creating a larger than life model of what drives an artist towards his higher creative purpose. He is forced to sells his watch and extra clothes to buy a train ticket and all along the way he takes various jobs but always visits every museums he comes across. Reaching Paris in the spring of 1904, where he works in various places, including the atelier of Auguste Rodin. In the years to come, he created many of his masterpieces in his small atelier, becoming known around the world for pieces like “Miss Pogany”, “Sleeping Muse”, “Bird in Space”, “Child’s Head” and many others. Today, his masterpieces are displayed in the biggest art museums of the world and sold at auctions with millions.